Situated opposite to Delhi Gate in the heart of Agra, Jami Masjid was built in 1648. Also known as the Friday Mosque, this elegant building is the most sacred building and still stands primarily as the principal mosque of the city. Built of the signature red sandstone, this mosque was constructed under the supervision of Jahanara Begum, daughter of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.
Situated on the highest plinth of Fatehpur Sikri, the prayer chamber is on the western side while cloisters surround the rest of three parts of the courtyard. The main entrance is through the eastern side. Adorned with slender turrets and intricately designed kiosks, the center of the prayer chamber has a façade with a broad arched iwan.
The mosque is quadrangle in shape. Splendid brackets crowned by series of square chhatris on the other three sides along with Buland Darwaja on the south bring out the majestic look. The main rectangular mosque consists of a central nave with a single dome. Also, the two colonnaded halls has square chambers which are crowned with domes.
Interestingly, the mosque stands as the witness to the transitional phase of the Islamic art when the Persian architectural elements where amalgamated with the indigenous designs. Adorned with watercolour paintings in the interior walls, the dado panels, spandrels of arch, squinches and soffits will leave anyone amazed. Unlike other monuments, where domes are supported on squinches, the mosque of Jama Masjid is supported by elegant corbelled pendentives.
The lattice screen tomb of Islam Khan, one of the nobles buried near it is one of the local attractions. Its austere beauty, befitting its religious purpose is what makes the place stand as one of the finest tourist attraction of India.
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