The 16th-century Mughal monument, known as the Red Fort of Agra is one of the finest places to visit in India. Popularly known as Agra Fort, the monument encircles 2.5-km-long enclosure walls. it was the imperial city of the Mughal rulers which has some of the princely palaces.
One of the finest Mughal forts in India, Agra Fort is constructed of red-sandstone and marble and would amaze anyone irrespective whether being aware of the history or not. It was made during the right of Emperor Akbar in 1565 and his grandson Shah Jahan added more to its glory. Primarily as a military structure, the building was transformed it into a palace by Shah Jahan. As the turn of fate, his son Aurangzeb seized power in 1658 and took him to prison for eight years in Agra Fort which overlooked the Taj Mahal.
The Yamuna River originally flowed along the straight eastern edge of the fort which originally had the royal bathing Ghats. There is a maze of buildings with vast underground sections, many of which were destroyed by Nadir Shah, the Marathas, and lastly by the British when it was used as a garrison.
The Amar Singh Gate is the entry point which leads up to the large Moti Masjid, which is unfortunately closed to public. People can see Diwan-i-Am, which Shah Jahan used, features a throne room. On the far side of the large courtyard is Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audiences). Overlooking the Yamuna River and the distant Taj Mahal is Takhti-i-Jehangir, which is a huge slab of black rock.
Shish Mahal (Mirror Palace) is another interesting feature. The eastern edge of the fort has Musamman Burj and Khas Mahal, where Shah Jahan was imprisoned for the rest of his life.
The garden, Anguri Bagh is planted with seasonal plants. Before leaving, one can see the palace called Hauz-i-Jehangir which was probably built by Akbar for his son Jehangir.
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